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“Dogs are social creatures and are at their happiest when with their owners. When separated from the owner that they are attached to, they display a range of behaviours that signify they are in distress,”advises Clare Bradley, RVN and Pet Behaviour Counsellor at Vet’s Klinic.
“These range of behaviours can develop and increase in seriousness; common signs are destructive behaviour such as escape attempts resulting in self injury, chewing and destroying furniture, various types of vocalisations, (howling and barking) and inappropriate urination or defecation in the house”.
According to Clare, “Separation anxiety type behaviours occur when the pet does not have the appropriate coping strategies in place to know how to react and behave when separated from their owner”.
“Dogs are not destroying the furniture to disobey or punish the owner for being left, it is actually an involuntary action resulting from their inability to contain their huge emotional feelings of panic and distress”.“These dogs have feelings of anxiousness and are scared to be left alone as they have never been taught, or may have forgotten, how to be left alone. It is not normal for them”.
Installing a child/stair gate or closing the door to allow your dog to be left alone in one part of the house for varying lengths of time throughout the day whilst you go about your business in another part. This helps them to get used to being alone. It is recommended to leave them with a chew toy or stuffed Kong to keep them busy, relaxed and enjoy their time whilst they are on their own.
To start with, keep within ear shot of your dog and gradually increase the time that they are left alone over the coming days so that they are happy with you being completely out of sight. Most dogs will allow this and be completely relaxed however for some this may be distressing. If this is the case, take a few steps back in the process and allow them to feel comfortable before proceeding again.
Clare Bradley explains “by slowly increasing the time separated from you, interacting with them at play times, exercising and having quiet times on their own, you are preparing them for life post lockdown when things return to a more normal way of life”.
“It is important to take them for a long walk before they are left alone to ensure they are more tired and thus will settle easier when left. It is also advisable to use the general rule to not leave a dog unattended for more than 4 hours at a time.”
It can be comforting for dogs to have an area in which they can relax and rest. This area could be a crate, an area under the stairs or anywhere they feel most comfortable. Try to encourage them to use it even when you are at home. This area can have comforting smells and pieces of clothing or items that relate to the owner such as an old towel or t-shirt that smells of them. Calming products such as herbal and pheromone sprays or plug in diffusers used in the room may also help the dog to relax.
It is important that dogs have something ‘safe’ to play with whilst they are waiting for you to return home. This helps to prevent anxiety and relieves boredom. Having indestructible chew toys, destructible cardboard boxes and interactive toys will keep them busy whilst you are gone.
It is important to get into some sort of routine as pets can find it incredibly reassuring. They feel more at ease knowing what is going to happen next. You should plan to go to bed and get up in the morning at the same time each day and stick to consistent times for feeding and walks to build some routine into their life.
When leaving and returning home, it is vital that we do not make a fuss of our pets. It can feel strange not giving them any attention or fuss but it does allow them to settle quicker once you are gone. If you can, try to ignore your dog for the first few minutes when you return and if they are excitable then wait until they become calmer. This may be quite difficult to begin with but once they have settled, you can ask them to sit and reward the sitting behaviour by making calm fuss of them.